In 1945 many thought that the Welfare State world eradicate poverty in Britain. In the 1960s researchers showed that this was far from the case. New efforts were made to secure a satisfactory standard of living for all, but this was never fully achieved. In the 1980s things worsened for the poor as the gap between the affluent and the deprived widened. This book traces the evolution from 1945 to 1990. It also analyses the concepts used (absolute poverty, relative poverty, deprivation, social exclusion) and examines who are the poor. Finally two major social inequalities are studied, health and education.