Madeira's water channels, or levadas, offer easy walks in some places, but cut across sheer cliffs in others. The mountains are steep and rugged, with slopes of bare rock or laurisilva "cloud" forest. Centuries-old paths and tracks, some of them waymarked and signposted, cross the mountains and valleys. The neighbouring island of Porto Santo offers easy walking and an exceptional sandy beach. This guide includes routes for all abilities, from easy, level levada walks ti very steep and rugged - and somrtimes exposed - mountain paths. Some routes are circular, others linear, and some are mostly downhill. Adjacent routes can be linked to form longer walks.